With the occassion of the 1st birthday of FreshBiostats, we want to remember some of the great statisticians born in September and that have contributed to the “joy of (bio)stats”.

Gerolamo Cardano |
Pavia, 24 September 1501 – 21 September 1576 | First systematic treatment of probability | |

Caspar Neumann |
Breslau, 14 September 1648 – 27 January 1715 | First mortality rates table | |

Johann Peter Süssmilch |
Zehlendorf, 3 September 1707 – 22 March 1767 | Demographic data and socio-economic analysis | |

Georges Louis Leclerc (Buffon) |
Montbard, 7 September 1707 – Paris, 16 April 1788 | Premier example in “geometric probability” and a body of experimental and theoretical work in demography | |

Adrien-Marie Legendre |
Paris, 18 September 1752 – 10 January 1833 | Development of the least squares method | |

William Playfair |
Liff, 22 September 1759 – London, 11 February 1823 | Considered the founder of graphical methods of statistics (line graph, bar chart, pie chart, and circle graph) | |

William StanleyJevons |
Liverpool, 1 September 1835 – Hastings,13 August 1882 | Statistical atlas – graphical representations of time series | |

Anders Nicolai Kiaer |
Drammen, 15 September 1838 – Oslo, 16 April 1919 | Representative sample | |

Charles Edward Spearman |
London, 10 September 1863 – 17 September 1945 | Pioneer of factor analysis and Spearman´s Rank correlation coefficient | |

Anderson Gray McKendrick |
Edinburgh, September 8, 1876 – May 30, 1943 | Several discoveries in stochastic processes and collaborator in the path-breaking work on the deterministic model for the general epidemic | |

Maurice Fréchet |
Maligny, 2 September 1878 – Paris, 4 June 1973 | Contributions in econometrics and spatial statistics | |

Paul Lévy |
15 September 1886 – 15 December 1971 | Several contributions to probability theory | |

Frank Wilcoxon |
County Cork, 2 September 1892 – Tallahassee, 18 November 1965 | Wilcoxon rank-sum tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank test | |

Mikhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk |
Chovnytsia, 27 September 1892- Magadan, 9 March 1942 | Krawtchouk polynomials, a system of polynomials orthonormal with respect to the binomial distribution | |

Harald Cramér |
Stockholm, 25 September 1893 – 5 October 1985 | Important statistical contributions to the distribution of primes and twin primes | |

Hilda Geiringer |
Vienna, 28 September 1893 – California, 22 March 1973 | One of the pioneers of disciplines such as molecular genetics, genomics, bioinformatics,… | |

Harold Hotelling |
Fulda, 29 September 1895 – Chapel Hill, 26 December 1973 | Hotelling´s T-squared distribution and canonical correlation | |

David van Dantzig |
Rotterdam, 23 September 1900 -Amsterdam, 22 July 1959 | Focus on probability, emphasizing the applicability to hypothesis testing | |

Maurice Kendall |
Kettering, 6 September 1907 – London, 29 March 1983 | Random number generation and Kendall´s tau | |

Pao-Lu Hsu |
Peking, 1 September 1910 – Peking, 18 December 1970 | Founder of the newly formed discipline of statistics and probability in China |

It is certainly difficult to think of the field without their contributions. They are all a great inspiration to keep on learning and working!!

Note: you can find other interesting dates here.

Update: and Significance´s timeline of statistics here.

Any author you consider particularly relevant? Any other suggestions?