With the occassion of the 1st birthday of FreshBiostats, we want to remember some of the great statisticians born in September and that have contributed to the “joy of (bio)stats”.
|Gerolamo Cardano||Pavia, 24 September 1501 – 21 September 1576||First systematic treatment of probability|
|Caspar Neumann||Breslau, 14 September 1648 – 27 January 1715||First mortality rates table|
|Johann Peter Süssmilch||Zehlendorf, 3 September 1707 – 22 March 1767||Demographic data and socio-economic analysis|
|Georges Louis Leclerc (Buffon)||Montbard, 7 September 1707 – Paris, 16 April 1788||Premier example in “geometric probability” and a body of experimental and theoretical work in demography|
|Adrien-Marie Legendre||Paris, 18 September 1752 – 10 January 1833||Development of the least squares method|
|William Playfair||Liff, 22 September 1759 – London, 11 February 1823||Considered the founder of graphical methods of statistics (line graph, bar chart, pie chart, and circle graph)|
|William StanleyJevons||Liverpool, 1 September 1835 – Hastings,13 August 1882||Statistical atlas – graphical representations of time series|
|Anders Nicolai Kiaer||Drammen, 15 September 1838 – Oslo, 16 April 1919||Representative sample|
|Charles Edward Spearman||London, 10 September 1863 – 17 September 1945||Pioneer of factor analysis and Spearman´s Rank correlation coefficient|
|Anderson Gray McKendrick||Edinburgh, September 8, 1876 – May 30, 1943||Several discoveries in stochastic processes and collaborator in the path-breaking work on the deterministic model for the general epidemic|
|Maurice Fréchet||Maligny, 2 September 1878 – Paris, 4 June 1973||Contributions in econometrics and spatial statistics|
|Paul Lévy||15 September 1886 – 15 December 1971||Several contributions to probability theory|
|Frank Wilcoxon||County Cork, 2 September 1892 – Tallahassee, 18 November 1965||Wilcoxon rank-sum tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank test|
|Mikhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk||Chovnytsia, 27 September 1892- Magadan, 9 March 1942||Krawtchouk polynomials, a system of polynomials orthonormal with respect to the binomial distribution|
|Harald Cramér||Stockholm, 25 September 1893 – 5 October 1985||Important statistical contributions to the distribution of primes and twin primes|
|Hilda Geiringer||Vienna, 28 September 1893 – California, 22 March 1973||One of the pioneers of disciplines such as molecular genetics, genomics, bioinformatics,…|
|Harold Hotelling||Fulda, 29 September 1895 – Chapel Hill, 26 December 1973||Hotelling´s T-squared distribution and canonical correlation|
|David van Dantzig||Rotterdam, 23 September 1900 -Amsterdam, 22 July 1959||Focus on probability, emphasizing the applicability to hypothesis testing|
||Kettering, 6 September 1907 – London, 29 March 1983||Random number generation and Kendall´s tau|
|Pao-Lu Hsu||Peking, 1 September 1910 – Peking, 18 December 1970||Founder of the newly formed discipline of statistics and probability in China|
It is certainly difficult to think of the field without their contributions. They are all a great inspiration to keep on learning and working!!
Note: you can find other interesting dates here.
Update: and Significance´s timeline of statistics here.
Any author you consider particularly relevant? Any other suggestions?